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Inqanaba lophuhliso lwempompo yekhonkrithi yaseChina

Ixesha: 2021-06-16 Indawo: 121

Impompo yekhonkrithi sele inembali malunga nekhulu leminyaka ukuza kuthi ga ngoku. IFransi yaqala ukuphanda impompo yekhonkrithi kwangoko ngo-1907. I-French Feliz Haier yayiyile kwaye yenza impompo yokuhanjiswa kwekhonkrithi ngo-1927, kwaye iphumelele isicelo sokuqala esiyimpumelelo. E-China, impompo yokuhanjiswa kwekhonkrithi yayithengwe kumazwe angaphandle ngo-1950s. Umzekelo, uhlobo lwempompo yekhonkrithi engama-252 evela eSoviet Union yayisetyenzisiwe ekwakhiweni kweBhulorho yoMlambo iWuhan Yangtze. Ngenxa yeemeko ezinqongopheleyo ngelo xesha, ukungaphumeleli okuqhubekayo komatshini akuzange kubangele ingqwalasela yeyunithi yokwakha. Ukususela kwiminyaka yoo-1960 ukuya ekuqaleni koo-1980, abavelisi abaninzi bavelisa zonke iintlobo zeempompo zekhonkrithi zeendlela ezahlukeneyo zokufuduka kunye neendlela zokusebenza ngokuxelisa, ukuziphuhlisa kunye nokudibanisa iteknoloji yangaphandle. Abanye babo bade bapasa nesazisi sesizwe, kodwa kwakungekho mntu usetyenziswe ngokubanzi.

Ukusetyenziswa komthamo omkhulu wempompo yokuhanjiswa kwekhonkrithi kwaqala ngolwakhiwo lweprojekthi yeShanghai Baoshan Iron and Steel Plant ngo-1979. . Yayisetyenziswa ngokubanzi kwiintlobo ngeentlobo zeziseko zekhonkrithi eziqinisiweyo ezinkulu kunye nezinye iiprojekthi, ezifumene iziphumo ezilungileyo kwaye zaqokelela ubutyebi bamava. Ukususela ngoko, iHotele iNanjing Jinling, iHotele iShanghai, iUnion Building, iBeijing Subway kunye nezinye iiprojekthi ezinkulu ziye zasebenzisa ngempumelelo impompo yekonkrithi, eyakhuthaza kakhulu indlela ephucukileyo yokusebenzisa impompo yekonkrithi kushishino lokwakha.

Iithegi: iimpompo zekonkrithi ezincinci, abasasazi bekhonkrithi exandiweyo,umatshini wokwenza izitena eziphathwayo,ukumpompa ikhonkrithi ezithengiswayo zilayisha umxube wokuhamba,umthamo weplanti yokudibanisa ikhonkrithi

Ngaphambili: Ukuqaliswa kwempompo yekhonkrithi

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